In Time Present and Time Past, Fintan Buckley, legal advisor, father of three, contented husband of Colette, sister of Martina, son of Joan, and
hitherto a strong contender for the title of Most Unimginative Man in Ireland...suddenly finds that he has become aware of his surroundings in a new and disturbing way.
Looking at the photographs makes Fintan feel vertiginous. They offer him a weird portal back into the past, into another world.Fintan's past comes crashing in on his present. It is a misreading of the novel that the publisher describes these experiences on the book jacket as "auditory hallucinations, causing him to lose track of time." The word hallucination suggests that Fintan's experience is unreal, that he may not be entirely in possession of his faculties when, in fact, Madden indicates otherwise.
...at a certain point he had stopped hearing, or indeed listening to, what his companion was saying. The other man had stopped being a person with whom Fintan was communicating, and had become instead a kind of phenomenon which he was observing. It was as if the air had thinned out and the man was like something that had dropped out of the sky. Fintan had stared at his face, which was florid, at the way his bulging neck flowed over the hard edge of his shirt collar. The lilac silk tie had a luxurious sheen; he noticed the way there was a kind of white light in where it curved in the knot. Maybe it was something of the contrast between his companion's imperfect body and the expensive details of his attire that had triggered all of this.This isn't ordinary, sure, but if anything his experience of the man is hyperreal, stripped of his conventional significance because Fintan's perception of time has been altered. Yet Fintan focuses on what is before his eyes with clarity.
Yet, at the same time that Madden suggests this is a strange experience for Fintan, it is in other ways very close to an ordinary one. This is what is so perfect about Madden's creation - strange, yet recognizable to any human reader - for who among us has not felt, as Fintan tells his son Niall, as if a memory from long ago really happened yesterday.
The whole point of Time Present and Time Past was that Fintan has experiences which, although distracting to his job performance and his routine unperturbedness, cause him to be more curious, more sensitive, and to value those he loves more. The most striking moment in the novel is when Fintan suddenly addresses his family one night at the dinner table.
'Could everyone just stay where they are for a moment? Don't say anything, just sit there.'Fintan doesn't so much lose time as find it. This is hardly an hallucination, more like a gift.
Bemused, they look at each other, but do as requested. For a short time they sit in silence, like worshipping Quakers waiting for the Spirit to move through the room. The kitchen clock ticks. Fintan looks at them all earnestly. Then he simple says,
'Thank you,' and stands up.
Madden takes the title of her novel from T.S. Eliot's poem Burnt Norton, whose beginning she includes as the novel's epigraph
Time present and time pastBut Eliot goes on to say
Are both perhaps present in time future,
And time future contained in time past.
If all time is eternally present
All time is unredeemable.
What might have been is an abstraction
Remaining a perpetual possibility
Only in a world of speculation.
What might have been and what has been
Point to one end, which is always present.
But to what purpose
Disturbing the dust on a bowl of rose-leaves
I do not know.
Inhabit the garden. Shall we follow?
Quick, said the bird, find them, find them,
Round the corner. Through the first gate,
Into our first world, shall we follow
The deception of the thrush? Into our first world.
Madden's beautiful novel is about, as Eliot writes, disturbing the dust on Fintan's bowl of rose-leaves. Perhaps the publishers come to the same conclusion as the bird does later in Eliot's first stanza. He chirps 'human kind/Cannot bear very much reality.' Becoming aware of the rush of time such that life appears to us as more precious, is very real indeed.
Later in the poem Eliot describes memory as 'involved with past and future'. Towards the end of Time Present and Time Past Madden takes this quite literally and flashes forward. She then adopts a surprising frankness, addressing us consciously, writer to reader:
Some three months have passed since first we met Fintan, sitting gloomily in a restaurant, eating chocolate almonds. In the course of that time much consideration has been given to the past, and so we should, perhaps, give some thought to the future.At first the change in tone is surprising, but it is extraordinarily effective at holding the reader in a state of hypothetical consideration of the future while never landing us there, in order change our relationship to time. This realizes the vision of memory Eliot describes later in the poem
Time past and time futureSo time is a form of redemption, for Eliot and for Madden. And why remember? To conquer time. An extraordinarily good purpose for disturbing the dust on a bowl of rose-leaves.
Allow but a little consciousness.
To be conscious is not to be in time
But only in time can the moment in the rose-garden,
The moment in the arbour where the rain beat,
The moment in the draughty church at smokefall
Be remembered; involved with past and future.
Only through time time is conquered.