Sometimes a fraud is a fraud, that is sometimes those who say they are not confident are not telling the truth, according to Dr. Mark Leary and his study on self deprecation and self evaluation that is the subject of an article in today's Science Times.
...they adopt self-deprecation as a social strategy, consciously or not, and are secretly more confident than they let on.
The bit I found most interesting was the differences another study conducted at Purdue by Shamala Kumar and Carolyn Jagacinski found between men and women on their confidence and feelings of being an imposter vs their desire to compete.
women who scored highly also reported a strong desire to show that they could do better than others. They competed harder.
By contrast, men who scored highly on the imposter scale showed more desire to avoid contests in areas where they felt vulnerable. "The motivation was to avoid doing poorly, looking weak," Dr. Jagacinski said.One more nail in the coffin of the myth of male superiority - no wonder most members of my sex are always watching football, carrying big guns, and going to war.